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Third and fifth game gift

Classics of young children educational theory

Froebel’s conceptions on theory and practice of the kindergarten led to long term movements and far-reaching modifications of educational practice all across the world. Hence, Friedrich Froebel belongs to the classics of young children educational theory. Likewise, the concept of the kindergarten was a new form of culture that seeked to unite work, family and childcare. Froebel invented the profession of a kindergarten teacher, which turned out to be an essential contribution to the women’s emancipation movement in the 19th century.

Froebel recognized playing as the child’s method of picking up knowledge about itsself and the world. In Bad Blankenburg he began to develop numerous toys intended to challenge the child to construct and experiment and in this way inspire its fantasy, train its ability to concentrate and at the same time further its social relations. The toys that became most famous, however, are the so-called “Spielgaben” (gifts) ball, cylinder, cube and the building blocks resulting from dividing the cube. These items are well-known all across the world.

Together with an adult, the child – by playing – gains first insights into mathematical and physical relationship and logical forms using the afore mentioned elementary shapes. In this context, emotional care and linguistic supervision provided by an adult are required to facilitate selflearning through playing.